Background: Balance disorders are much less common and less well understood in paediatric populations compared to adults. They can cause significant morbidity in a time where children are still developing.
Method: A review of relevant databases was performed using key words “vertigo” and “paediatric”, between 2005 and 2017.
Results: The most common causes of true paediatric vertigo were found to be vestibular migraine, benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood and acute labyrinthitis. Migraine related syndromes such as vestibular migraine and benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood are now well defined by the ICD-10, and treatments are available.
Conclusion: Balance disorders are important conditions that need to be recognised as they can cause considerable morbidity among children, and treatments can help relieve this.